A urinary tract infection occurs when bacteria enter the urethra and climb into the bladder. This can happen during sexual intercourse or by wiping incorrectly (back to front instead of front to back for women). While the infection can be uncomfortable and problematic within the bladder, if left untreated, a UTI can become more severe and even spread into the kidneys.
Regular health visits are imperative in diagnosing and treating UTIs, as the infections often do not show any signs or symptoms. However, when symptoms do appear, they usually do so in the following ways:
The team at Urology of Greater Atlanta has experience in diagnosing urinary tract infections as early as possible. First, a routine urine sample is collected and analyzed to detect any bacteria within the stream. Your doctor may also explore other methods, such as an ultrasound or CT scan, to obtain a visual image of your urinary system.
If you’re susceptible to repeat UTIs, a cystoscopy may be recommended. During a cystoscopy, your doctor inserts a thin tube with a camera lens on the end into the urethra and threads it through to your bladder. This provides real-time imaging to detect and locate the infection, ensuring the best treatment plan is enforced.
Antibiotics are the first line of defense against any urinary tract infection. For both men and women, antibiotics attack the infection and fight the bacteria before getting rid of the UTI entirely. The type of medication, dosage level, and period of time prescribed may vary depending on where the infection is located and whether it’s a new or repeat infection. A consultation with the team of doctors at Urology of Greater Atlanta can help answer all of your UTI questions and offer tips to prevent reoccurance.