Occurring as a mass attached to the testicle, testicular cancer can be detected through routine health checkups. You should also conduct self-examinations monthly to monitor any changes in the testicles themselves. Any lumps or growths should be inspected immediately. Testicular cancer has a large success rate in response to treatment, but early diagnosis is imperative.
Testicular cancer itself generally appears in only one testicle, in the form of a lump or an enlargement. You can feel the growth by gently rubbing each testicle individually between your thumb and fingers. Your scrotum can develop a sudden heaviness or a collection of fluid as well as pain and discomfort. You may also develop an ache in your abdomen, your groin, or both that becomes increasingly more uncomfortable. Occasionally, these symptoms are partnered with back pain or tenderness of the chest.
As with many types of cancer, a definite cause of testicular cancer has not been identified. A family history of testicular masses could increase your risk. Men who experienced an undescended testicle or abnormal testicle development are also at greater risk, but testicular cancer isn’t exclusive to those conditions.
After diagnosis involving an exam plus an ultrasound or CT scan of your testicles, your urologist will develop a treatment plan to address the cancer. Treatment almost always includes removing the testicle with the option of inserting a prosthetic replacement testicle if desired. Recovery time is typically 2-4 weeks.
Depending on the stage of the cancer and the time of diagnosis, radiation and chemotherapy may be necessary. The silver lining is testicular cancer is one of the most highly treatable forms of cancer and patients generally see a full recovery. If you notice any abnormalities in your testicles or experience pain in your groin, make an appointment for a consultation with Urology of Greater Atlanta immediately to discuss your options.