An overactive bladder causes the frequent and sudden urge to urinate. It can be hard to control or stop and can make everyday events stressful or impossible, as being near a bathroom takes priority. An overactive bladder causes sufferers to urinate multiple times a day, typically eight or more, and wake up numerous times during the night to urinate.
While an overactive bladder is common among older adults, it's not a normal condition of aging. The constant urge to urinate is the result of an involuntary contraction of the bladder muscles indicating the need to use the bathroom even when the bladder isn’t full. The specific cause of an overactive bladder is unknown and can vary from person to person.
The first step is to obtain an accurate diagnosis. This is achieved through a urodynamic test to assess how the bladder is releasing urine and when. This test may be used in conjunction with cystoscopy, a procedure in which a thin tube affixed with a small camera is inserted into the urethra to examine the lining of the bladder.
Today there are more viable options than ever before to treat and manage an overactive bladder. Oral medications can help relax the bladder and decrease the urge to urinate as often. BOTOXⓇ injections directly into the bladder can partially paralyze muscles to relieve the feeling of constantly having to urinate.
Other options include:
Call or book an appointment online with Urology of Greater Atlanta to learn more about overactive bladder and the many treatments available.