Bladder cancer is a cancer that usually begins in the cells that line the inside of the bladder. It occurs when the cells of the bladder start to grow abnormally, ultimately forming a tumor. While the cancer is most often associated with the bladder, it’s not uncommon to see it spread throughout the urinary system. If diagnosed early, bladder cancer is highly treatable.
Since the symptoms of bladder cancer also mimic symptoms of several other concerns, early diagnosis is important. If you experience any of the following symptoms, seek a medical evaluation.
• Blood in your urine
• Frequent, painful urination
As with other types of cancer, it’s difficult to pinpoint exactly what causes bladder cancer. However, there are certain factors that may increase the risk of developing it. These include:
The first step is confirming an accurate diagnosis. To do so, cystoscopy is used to obtain a visual of the urinary tract system and to see where the tumor is located. This may be performed in conjunction with a CT scan. Once diagnosed, treatment may include: the surgical removal of the tumor, radiation or intravesical chemotherapy.